Kaunas is the second-largest city in Lithuania and has historically been a leading centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life. The oldest part of Kaunas city is the Old Town located to the east of the confluence of the Nemunas and Neris rivers, founded in the X century at the latest.
City especially expanded and became the most important Lithuanian scientific, industrial, cultural and educational center of the twentieth century. In 1920-1939 Kaunas became the only temporary capital city in Europe during the interwar period.
The city is proud of a compact, well-preserved old town, a lot of valuable cultural and architectural monuments, including Kaunas Castle ( XIII - XVII century), Gothic Thunder house (XV -XVI centuries), St. Gertrude and Vytautas Magnus Church ( started in 1400), "The White Swan" Kaunas City Hall ( XVI -XVIII c.) and others.
The city center nowadays is the New Town with it’s Liberty Avenue (Laisvės alėja). Liberty Avenue is the central pedestrian street connecting the old and the new part of town, formed in the XIX century, lined by linden trees, and its continuation, Vilnius Street, leading to the oldest part – Old Town of Kaunas. Liberty Avenue length is 1621 meters. There are plenty of restaurants, cafes, organizing different events .
Many people were Polonised and Russofied Lithuanians and Ruthenians. But Today, with almost 94% of its citizens being ethnic Lithuanians, Kaunas is one of the most Lithuanian cities in the country. Currently in Kaunas is home to about 300 thousand inhabitants.
Kaunas is a major cultural center. Kaunas is often called a city of museums, because of the abundance and variety of them. There are about 40 museums and their branches. Kaunas has 26 libraries , 7 professional and 10 amateur theaters, 20 folklore ensembles , Lithuanian professional circus and jazz - Kaunas Big Band groups. Kaunas Symphony Orchestra is the main venue for classical music concerts.In the city is also developing modern dance theater Aura.
Kaunas is one of the most important scient and education center in Lithuania. Kaunas is often referred to as a city of students; there are about 50,000 students enrolled in its universities. Kaunas has a large number of public and private basic and secondary schools.
The Kaunas city has a number of parks and public open spaces. It devotes 7.3% of its total land acreage to parkland. Ąžuolynas (literally, "Oak Grove") park is a main public park in the heart of Kaunas. It covers about 63 hectares and is the largest urban stand of mature oaks in Europe.
There are many different religions, prayer houses and temples in the city, mostly Catholic churches (total - 21).
Pažaislis Monastery - Pazaislis Blessed Virgin Mary's visit to Elizabeth church and Camaldolese monastery buildings ensemble. This is one of the most beautiful Baroque ensembles in Lithuania. There are 8 monasteries in Kaunas.
Sports in Kaunas have a long and distinguished history. The city is home to a few historic clubs, the most popular is Žalgiris basketball club (est.1944).
Currently in Kaunas are four modes of public transport: buses, trolley buses, taxis and shuttle taxis. Kaunas public transport valid paper, the driver purchased tickets and electronic tickets valid for 3 or 7 days, a month or 3 months.
Near Kaunas city is the Kaunas International Airport (KUN), one of the biggest airports in the Baltic states.